ISPS: International Ship & Port Security.
It was created in 2002 by the IMO. They adopted new standards for a more complete maritime security (ISPS code) for international navigation in order to prevent and eradicate terrorist actions against ships worldwide. This concept of risk management shows in the ISPS code by a certain amount of minimal requirements regarding security criteria required for harbor installations and ships.
In order to comply with the ISPS Code, each ship must have a security plan containing measures that can be implemented for various security levels set by governments.
The training includes: regulations in force/ knowledge of current threats/ detection and identification of weapons and hazardous substances/ techniques to bypass security measures/ knowledge in communication techniques related to security/ practical cases…